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The Spinal Cord Injury Zone

The Spinal Cord Injury Zone website is a not-for-profit Spinal Cord Injury educational Knowledge Base. The mission of The Spinal Cord Injury Zone is to archive important Spinal Cord Injury News and Spinal Cord Injury Information for education and awareness.

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Spinal Cord Injury News Articles

Steven Dowd after ISCoPE

September 24, 2016 - ‘Spinal tap’ saving crash victims from life in a wheelchair: Breakthrough nerve-preserving procedure could spare people from paralysis

Spinal injury victims could be spared from paralysis thanks to a breakthrough nerve- preserving procedure developed by British doctors. It is the first treatment to tackle inflammation of the spinal cord, which can occur in the hours and days after an accident, causing irreversible damage. Given in these crucial hours, the ‘spinal tap’ procedure works… Continue Reading »

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September 23, 2016 - Sam Schmidt to receive nation’s first license to drive semi-autonomous car

Sam Schmidt’s first victory as an Indy Racing League driver was at Las Vegas Motor Speedway in 1999. Paralyzed from the neck down since 2000, Schmidt is in line for a different type of victory at the speedway Wednesday, when he will become the first person in the nation to receive a restricted driver’s license… Continue Reading »

Researchers harvested organoids composed of immature inhibitory neuron precursors to transplant into mice with spinal cord injuries. Photo by Cory Nicholas

September 22, 2016 - Human Neuron Transplants Treat Spinal Cord Injury in Mice

Chronic pain and loss of bladder control are among the most devastating consequences of spinal cord injury, rated by many patients as a higher priority for treatment than paralysis or numbness. Now a UC San Francisco team has transplanted immature human neurons into mice with spinal cord injuries, and shown that the cells successfully wire… Continue Reading »

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September 21, 2016 - The Teen Actor Who’s Breaking Barriers On TV

Micah Fowler, the star of Speechless, is just your average almost-famous high school senior with a disability rights mission. Shortly before his high school prom, actor Micah Fowler found out ABC had picked up Speechless, the sitcom in which he stars as a nonverbal teen in a family of five. Weeks later, the 18-year-old New… Continue Reading »

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September 20, 2016 - Graphene Nanoribbons May Help Heal Damaged Spinal Cords

James Tour, a chemist at Rice University, stated that a treatment procedure to heal damaged spinal cords by combining graphene nanoribbons produced with a process invented at Rice and a common polymer is expected to gain importance. As stated in an issue of Nature from 2009, chemists at the Tour lab started their research work… Continue Reading »

Spinal Cord Injury Videos

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UofL researchers’ discovery helping children with spinal cord injuries

Locomotor training is helping Emmalie, who was unable to walk after suffering a spinal cord injury, take steps, sit up on her own and improve her range of motion. Andrea Behrman, PhD, professor in the UofL Department of Neurosurgery, researches locomotor training in children at UofL. “It turns out the spinal cord is really really… Continue Reading »

Mason Ellis Explaining Tenodesis

Mason Ellis – Explaining Tenodesis

This is a video of Mason Ellis explaining Tenodesis (movement of the wrist to move fingers). Mason is a C5, C6, C7 Complete Quadriplegic (Paralysis of all four limbs) with little tricep function. Subscribe to Mason Ellis on YouTube and check out his other great videos.

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Using VR and an exoskeletons to help paraplegics regain movement

After twelve months, eight patients and 2,052 sessions spread over 1,958 hours, Duke University is publishing some promising results from a study seeking to demonstrate the ability for brain-machine interfaces to help restore mobility in humans. The study, which appeared this week in Scientific Reports, looked at a group of paraplegic patients suffering from a… Continue Reading »

Spinal Cord Injury Answers

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Do acute SCI patients see better outcomes if undergoing surgery within 1st 4 hours?

Researches in Germany studied whether time of surgery impacted neurological outcomes for patients with acute spinal cord injury, according to Journal of Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management. Specifically, they analyzed 51 spinal cord injury patients, aged an average of 43.4 years. The patients had acute spinal fractures from C2 to L3 or nonosseous lesions.

Disability  and Rehabilitation

How is Spirituality Linked to Quality of Life in People with Spinal Cord Injury?

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord, often due to an accident or other trauma. SCI typically causes a loss of movement and feeling below the damaged part of the spinal cord, often leading to paralysis and other changes in functioning. People with SCI may be more likely to develop… Continue Reading »

Spinal Cord Injury Information

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September 26, 2016 - Gesture-controlled Internet of Things (IoT) extends freedom for the disabled

Quadriplegics can do more on their own with the Sesame Enable app that uses head gestures to control Internet of Things (IoT) devices Christopher Reeve is famous as Superman in movies. As the man of steel with amazing superpowers, he was unbeatable. In real life, though, a bad fall from his horse left Reeve a… Continue Reading »

The Devils vs Oakland Bittners in 1947

August 23, 2016 - How SoCal Doctors Used Basketball to Rehabilitate Paralyzed Vets

The popular wheelchair sport helped to launch the Paralympics in 1960 Jerry Fesenmeyer was an 18-year-old Iowa farm boy when he and his fellow marines from the First Division engaged in a desperate firefight with Japanese soldiers on the island of Okinawa. The date was June 5, 1945. Fesenmeyer was advancing toward Shuri Castle when… Continue Reading »

August 18, 2016 - Monitoring upper-limb recovery after cervical spinal cord injury: insights beyond assessment scores.

Background: Pre-clinical investigations in animal models demonstrate that enhanced upper-limb (UL) activity during rehabilitation promotes motor recovery following spinal cord injury (SCI). Despite this, following SCI in humans, no commonly applied training protocols exist and therefore activity-based rehabilitative therapies (ABRT) vary in frequency, duration and intensity. Quantification of UL recovery is limited to subjective questionnaires… Continue Reading »

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

The term "Spinal Cord Injury" refers to any injury of the neural (pertaining to nerves) elements within the spine..

Spinal Cord Picture

SCI can occur from either trauma or disease to the vertebral column or the spinal cord itself. Most spinal cord injuries are the result of trauma to the vertebral column. These injuries can affect the spinal cord's ability to send and receive messages from the brain to the body systems that control sensory, motor, and autonomic function below the level of injury.

Depending on the location and severity of the injury, the body can be affected in a myriad of ways. Typically, the nerves above the injury site continue to function as they always have and the nerves below the site do not.

According to a study initiated by the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation, there are nearly 1 in 50 people living with paralysis -- approximately 6 million people. That's the same number of people as the combined populations of Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. And that number is nearly 40 percent higher than previous estimates showed.