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Spinal Cord Injury Answers
Answers to frequently asked Questions about Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injuries are extremely tragic, often leading to irreversible paralysis. Many groups around the world are pursuing various treatment options. Some of these attempt to transplant new neurons to repair the damage, use drugs to boost natural healing, or use electronic means to bridge the gap.
Currently it’s only in mice, but some researchers from China have produced extremely promising results using tissue engineering. Continue Reading »
Q. What is nerve transfer surgery?
A. Nerve transfer is a surgical technique that’s used to restore muscle function or sensation after a serious injury. Employing the technique, surgeons select a redundant nerve — one that serves the same function as another nerve in the body — and connect it to a more important but damaged nerve that’s not working. The nerves must be in close proximity. The rewired nerve can restore muscle function or feeling to the target area, often a hand, arm or shoulder. Continue Reading »
MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Bradley T. Lang, PhD Researcher, Jerry Silver Lab Department of Neurosciences Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Continue Reading »
University Of Maryland School Of Medicine researchers find that spinal cord injuries can cause brain degeneration
Baltimore, Md., November 14, 2014–Most research on spinal cord injuries has focused on effects due to spinal cord damage and scientists have neglected the effects on brain function. University of Maryland School of Medicine (UM SOM) researchers have found for the first time that spinal cord injuries (SCI) can cause widespread and sustained brain inflammation that leads to progressive loss of nerve cells, with associated cognitive problems and depression. Continue Reading »
Motor commands issued by the brain to activate arm muscles take two different routes. As the research group led by Professor Silvia Arber at the Basel University Biozentrum and the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research has now discovered, many neurons in the spinal cord send their instructions not only towards the musculature, but at the same time also back to the brain via an exquisitely organized network. This dual information stream provides the neural basis for accurate control of arm and hand movements. These findings have now been published in Cell. Continue Reading »
A systematic survey of the scientific literature shows that stem cell therapy can have a statistically significant impact on animal models of spinal cord injury, and points the way for future studies.
Spinal cord injuries are mostly caused by trauma, often incurred in road traffic or sporting incidents, often with devastating and irreversible consequences, and unfortunately having a relatively high prevalence (250,000 patients in the USA; 80% of cases are male). High-profile campaigners like the late actor Christopher Reeve, himself a victim of sports-related spinal cord injury, have placed high hopes in stem cell transplantation. But how likely is it to work? Continue Reading »
Inhaling less oxygen, known as, boosts the walking abilities of patients with spinal injuries, according to a counterintuitive treatment described today in the journal Neurology.
Scientists from Continue Reading »found that intermittent, but safe, exposure to hypoxia could improve both walking endurance and speed for patients with spinal injuries that have not completely eliminated the capacity to take steps.
New Rochelle, NY — Performing surgery to take pressure off the spine after a traumatic injury soon after the event could prevent or reverse some of the secondary damage caused by swelling and decreased blood flow to the injured spine.
However, strong evidence to support early spinal surgery is lacking, mainly because the available study data cannot be easily compared, as explained in a review of this controversial field published in Journal of Neurotrauma, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. Continue Reading »
Deep-brain stimulation, a technique used for more than a decade to manage the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, may help restore greater function and more natural movement to patients with spinal cord injuries that have left at least a few nerves intact, new research says.
A study published this week in the journal Science Translational Medicine showed that in rats whose spinal cords were partially severed, the implantation of a pacemaker in the brain’s mesencephalic locomotor region – a control center for the initiation of movement – restored the hind limbs’ ability to run and support weight to near-normal levels. Continue Reading »